Answered By: Carin Yavorcik
Last Updated: May 31, 2019     Views: 128

When citing a newer edition of an older work, the key question to answer is if your resource is a new edition or a reprint. The main difference is that a new edition usually means that there is a significant amount of new content, where a reprint would be mostly the same content.

If the resource is a new edition, it will generally indicate an edition number on the title page. In this case, you should cite to whichever edition you read, regardless of when the first edition was published. However, you do want to indicate the edition number. For example, the first edition of the book below was published in 1990, but If I used the third edition, published in 2003, I would cite it as:

Reference: Ermann, M.D., & Shauf, M.S. (2003). Computers, ethics, and society (3rd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.

In-text: (Ermann, 2003)

If the resource is a reprint, you should still cite to the version you read, but you should also indicate the original publication date. For example, if I used a 1994 reprint of the book below, which was originally published in 1968, I would cite it as follows:

Reference: Erikson, E.H. (1994). Identity: youth and crisis. New York: W.W. Norton & Co. (Original work published 1968).

In-text: (Erikson, 1968/1994)

For more information on citing to different editions, see Citing an Edition of a Book in APA Style from the APA Style Blog:

For more information on citing to reprints, see “The Double-Date Problem” section of The Generic Reference: When? from the APA Style Blog:

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