Answered By: Krista Reynolds
Last Updated: Nov 14, 2018     Views: 4795

Religion courses at Concordia use Chicago citation style (Humanities system, also called the Notes and Bibliography system). The Chicago Manual of Style (16th ed.) is found in Reference Z 253 .U69 2010.

Note: When citing from a Bible that has been annotated (i.e. a study Bible that has notes or footnotes), use the following as a guide for citing from the text of that Bible.  Please see page two of the attached handout (at the bottom of this page) for citing information from annotations (notes or footnotes) or see the online Chicago citation guide.


References to the Bible usually are referred to in notes rather than in the bibliography.[1]  References to the Bible should include book (usually abbreviated), chapter and verse, not page number. For proper abbreviations for the books see Chicago Manual of Style sec. 15.47-15.54.  For information on when to abbreviate and when not, see section 15.48-49.


The names of the Bible are capitalized but not put in italics.  (See Chicago Manual of Style sec. 8.111 for additional information and examples.)

e.g.  the Bible

the NIV Bible

the Holy Bible


Biblical references are given in numeral; chapter and verse are separated by a colon (Chicago Manual of Style sec. 9.30).

e.g.  Acts 27:1

Exodus 20:2-7

2 Corinthians 3:11-12


Versions of the Bible.  Books and numbering are not identical in different versions; it is essential to identify which version is being cited.  For general readers, the version should be spelled out, at least for the first occurrence. For specialists, the abbreviation may be used.

         e.g. in the note:

62 Kings 11:8 (New Revised Standard Version)

 71 Cor 6:1-10 (NRSV)




In the Footnote


1Heb. 13:8, 13:12 (NIV)

52 Sm11:1-17, 11:26-27; 1 Chr 10:13-15 (English Standard Version)


[1] Chicago Style does have an alternate In Text format with a References page that resembles APA and MLA, styles.  Ask a librarian or see the complete manual for more information on that option if it is specified by your instructor instead of using footnotes and a Bibliography page.   In either format, putting the Bible on the References or Bibliography page is optional.

Cite the Bible in APA style

Cite the Bible in MLA style (see section on Other Print/Book Sources)

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