Answered By: Maria Power
Last Updated: Dec 10, 2018     Views: 127


Try using the following keyword combinations:

  • (geel OR gheel) AND belgium AND "mental health"
  • (geel OR gheel) AND belgium AND community
  • (geel OR gheel) AND belgium AND psych


A quick search in the catalog of the keyword combinations listed above resulted in a couple of articles, though I suspect there's more information outside of the articles indexed in the catalog.  I need some background information.

A good way to find basic, general information about any topic is to search reference materials, like encyclopedias.  CU Libraries provides access to several encyclopedia databases.  Try searching in Credo Reference for geel AND mental.  There I found this entry with some history about Geel:

St. dymphna's day. (2010). In Helene Henderson (Ed.), Holidays, festivals, and celebrations of the world dictionary. Retrieved from

To find more background information about Geel, I searched Google and found a Wikipedia article with some information.  While we don't recommend using Wikipedia for academic research, it can be a useful source for finding other resources.  Just look at the External Links and the References sections.  I found this website in the External Links section:

Geel, Belgium: A Model of "Community Recovery" Samford University Psychology Dept. Birmingham, AL  -  From there, click Geel Bibliography and you’ll get a long list of resources about Geel that the webpage author, Jackie Goldstein, PhD, a professor of Psychology at Samford University in Alabama, consulted for her own research (try contacting her directly!  No joke, scholars love it when people contact them about their research.). 

We can go down the list and search in Google Scholar (or in the Library Catalog, or in each individual database) to try to find full text.  Here are a few I was able to track down:

Also on the site is a presentation about Geel:

Goldstein, J. (1998, August).  "The Geel Project": Historical perspectives on community mental health care.  Paper presented at 106th American Psychological Association Annual Convention, San Francisco, CA.

And the Openbaar Psychiatrisch Zorgcentrum website has the following presentation:

Openbaar Psychiatrisch Zorgcentrum (OPZ) – Geel > Symposium OPZ Geel - Community care: Foster family care as an inspiring model > Presentation: Ellen Baxter, Supportive housing integrating the mentally ill: Geel to New York City

Some tips:

  1. Look at the references!  If you find an article that discusses Geel, then the author likely cited some other sources that talk about Geel.  Find references and track them down in Search@CULibraries (or Google Scholar, or by searching directly in the databases).
  2. I noticed is that Geel is spelled “Gheel” in some sources.  It’s a good idea to search for Geel or Gheel, just to cover our bases.
  3. When searching in Google Scholar, if you find an article that seems just right, but we don’t have it available at Concordia, take a look at the “Cited by” links under the article citations.  If you click “Cited by” a new page will open with a list of articles that cited the one you were looking at.  Maybe some of the ones in the new list are available at Concordia.
  4. Usually we can get books for you from the Summit borrowing consortium, which consists of 37 academic libraries in the Pacific NW.  If an item you want isn't in the default search in OneSearch, try switching over to the Summit tab, to find and request it from a Summit library.

Related FAQs

    Need more help?