Q. Are APA papers required to include an abstract?


While the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association includes abstract as one of the formatting elements to include in manuscripts submitted for publication, student work at Concordia is subject to the discretion of individual professors. Some upper-level coursework, such as Master of Education Capstone projects, require an abstract, while some lower-level coursework might not. Please ask your professor for clarification about their expectations regarding abstracts.

For More Information

See an APA example paper from Purdue Online Writing Lab. 


Purdue University Online Writing Lab. (n.d.). APA sample paper. Retrieved from https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa_style/apa_formatting_and_style_guide/apa_sample_paper.html





  • Last Updated Nov 27, 2018
  • Views 2286
  • Answered By Lily Morgan

FAQ Actions

Was this helpful? 1   0