Q. What do I do if an article doesn't have a doi?


References for articles retrieved in electronic format that do not have an assigned doi number must include a retrieval statement with the web address (URL) for the publication’s home page. You do not need to find the URL for the actual article or be able to access the full text on the publication's website. If you have more than one article from the journal, each reference will have the same URL.


The URL for the journal Memory & Cognition's home page is http://www.springerlink.com/content/0090-502x/. A reference to an article from the journal would be:

Maki, R. H. (1982). Categorization effects which occur in comparative judgment tasks. Memory & Cognition, 10, 252–264. Retrieved from http://www.springerlink.com/content/0090-502x/

For More Information

See "A DOI and URL Flowchart" (Lee, 2009).

See "Electronic Sources and Locator Information," Section 6.31 (pp. 187–189) in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2010, 6th ed.).


American Psychological Association [APA]. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, D.C: Author.

Lee, C. (2009, September 22). A DOI and URL flowchart [Blog post]. Retrieved from http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2009/09/a-doi-and-url-flowchart.html



  • Last Updated Jul 30, 2018
  • Views 222
  • Answered By Maureen Barney

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