Contact Us





We'll endeavor to answer emailed questions within 1 business day.

Text questions from your phone, and we'll text you back. This service is free, but text message rates from your cell phone provider may apply.

Text Message: (503) 406-3055

Concordia librarians are available to assist you from 10am-6pm (Pacific time) Monday-Thursday, and noon-4pm Fridays.

Phone: (503) 280-8507

Concordia librarians are available at the Reference Desk to assist you from 10am-6pm (Pacific time) Monday-Thursday, and noon-4pm Fridays.

Mailing address:

2811 NE Holman Street

Portland, OR 97211

Physical address:

2800 NE Liberty Street

Portland, OR 97211

Library Catalog

Explore the libraries' collections of print and electronic books, journals and peer-reviewed articles, theses, media resources, and course reserve materials, all in a single search.

Search@CU Libraries

Related Topics

Research Guides

Research assistance, subject guides, and useful resources compiled by your friendly librarians. Know what we know - find it in Research Guides!



Find the best library databases for your research.


Quick Links

Library Home

Interlibrary Loan

CU Commons

Answered By: Krista Reynolds
Last Updated: Jun 16, 2014     Views: 687

Religion courses at Concordia use Chicago citation style (Humanities system, also called the Notes and Bibliography system). The Chicago Manual of Style (16th ed.) is found in Reference Z 253 .U69 2010.

Note: When citing from a Bible that has been annotated (i.e. a study Bible that has notes or footnotes), use the following as a guide for citing from the text of that Bible.  Please see page two of the attached handout (at the bottom of this page) for citing information from annotations (notes or footnotes) or see the online Chicago citation guide.


References to the Bible usually are referred to in notes rather than in the bibliography.[1]  References to the Bible should include book (usually abbreviated), chapter and verse, not page number. For proper abbreviations for the books see Chicago Manual of Style sec. 15.47-15.54.  For information on when to abbreviate and when not, see section 15.48-49.


The names of the Bible are capitalized but not put in italics.  (See Chicago Manual of Style sec. 8.111 for additional information and examples.)

e.g.  the Bible

the NIV Bible

the Holy Bible


Biblical references are given in numeral; chapter and verse are separated by a colon (Chicago Manual of Style sec. 9.30).

e.g.  Acts 27:1

Exodus 20:2-7

2 Corinthians 3:11-12


Versions of the Bible.  Books and numbering are not identical in different versions; it is essential to identify which version is being cited.  For general readers, the version should be spelled out, at least for the first occurrence. For specialists, the abbreviation may be used.

         e.g. in the note:

62 Kings 11:8 (New Revised Standard Version)

 71 Cor 6:1-10 (NRSV)




In the Footnote


1Heb. 13:8, 13:12 (NIV)

52 Sm11:1-17, 11:26-27; 1 Chr 10:13-15 (English Standard Version)

[1] Chicago Style does have an alternate In Text format with a References page that resembles APA and MLA, styles.  Ask a librarian or see the complete manual for more information on that option if it is specified by your instructor instead of using footnotes and a Bibliography page.   In either format, putting the Bible on the References or Bibliography page is optional.

Cite the Bible in APA style

Cite the Bible in MLA style (see section on Other Print/Book Sources)

Related FAQs

    Email your Question

    If your question isn't in the knowledge base already, submit it and we'll answer as quickly as possible.