We'll endeavor to answer emailed questions within 1 business day.
Text questions from your phone, and we'll text you back. This service is free, but text message rates from your cell phone provider may apply.
Concordia librarians are available to assist you from 10am-6pm (Pacific time) Monday-Thursday, and noon-4pm Fridays.
Concordia librarians are available at the Reference Desk to assist you from 10am-6pm (Pacific time) Monday-Thursday, and noon-4pm Fridays.
2811 NE Holman Street
Portland, OR 97211
2800 NE Liberty Street
Portland, OR 97211
Explore the libraries' collections of print and electronic books, journals and peer-reviewed articles, theses, media resources, and course reserve materials, all in a single search.
Research assistance, subject guides, and useful resources compiled by your friendly librarians. Know what we know - find it in Research Guides!
Find the best library databases for your research.
Answered By: Sarah Johnson Last Updated: Feb 07, 2017 Views: 1516
For legal sources, the APA Publication Manual refers users to the latest edition of The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation, which provides the following general format for citing briefs:
Document name, pincite, case citation (docket number), commercial database identifier (if you accessed the brief through LexisNexis, Westlaw, HeinOnline etc.).
If you didn't access the brief through a database, provide the retrieval statement — Retrieved from http://www.somesite.com
Here are some examples:
Reply brief of petitioners Jennifer Gratz and Patrick Hamacher, Gratz v. Bollinger, 539 U. S. 244 (2003) (no. 02-516). Retrieved from http://supreme.findlaw.com/supreme_court/briefs/02-516/02-516-mer-pet-rep.html
Gratz v. Bollinger (2003) or (Gratz v. Bollinger, 2003)
Brief for Ringling Bros.-Barnum & Bailey Combined Shows, Inc. et al. as Amici Curiae Supporting Respondents, Mosely v. V Secret Catalogue, Inc, 537 U.S. 418 (2003) (no. 01-1015), 2002 WL 1987618.
Mosely v. V Secret Catalogue (2003) or (Mosely v. V Secret Catalogue, 2003)
For more citation help, please see our APA Citation & Style Guide.
Email your Question
If your question isn't in the knowledge base already, submit it and we'll answer as quickly as possible.