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Answered By: Sarah Johnson
Last Updated: Mar 15, 2017     Views: 156851

When setting up a PowerPoint presentation in APA Style, think of each individual slide as a separate page in a paper. And just as the last page of a paper is the reference list, the last slide of a PowerPoint presentation should also provide a reference list. The citation format stays the same; it's just a change from paper to presentation slides.

Keep reading for more details.

Using Images

When using images in APA Style, the images should be formatted as figures (see sections 5.20 to 5.25 of the APA manual). Most images won't have legends, but they should all have captions.

  • A legend explains symbols used in a figure. (It's placed within the figure.)
  • A caption is an explanation of the figure that is placed directly below the figure. It also provides the title of the figure. A caption should be brief but descriptive. After the description, provide additional information that may be needed to explain the image. If you did not create the image yourself, be sure to include a full reference for the creator of the image.

Here are two examples of images with captions. One is for an image with full copyright; the other is for an image with a Creative Commons license.

image with full copyrightimage with Creative Commons license

  • image with full copyright:

Figure 1. Cover of the APA Style manual. Adapted from Publication manual of the American Psychological Association, by American Psychological Association, 2009, retrieved from Copyright 2009 by the American Psychological Association.

  • image with a Creative Commons license (still copyrighted, just with more permissions):

Figure 1. Cat watching World of Warcraft on a laptop. Adapted from "World of Warcraft Obsession," by Stacina, 2004, retrieved from CC BY-NC-SA 2.0.

In-Text Citations of Images

If you refer to the image in the text of your slide, use the same in-text references as you'd use for other tables/figures. In other words, something along the lines of: See Figure 1. (No need to include descriptions such as "above" or "to the left.")

References for Images

All sources used (text and image) should be included in the reference list at the end of the PowerPoint presentation. If there are a large number of images, you could have one reference list for text sources (articles, books, etc.) and a separate reference list for image sources. Double-check with your professor to see if s/he has a preference.

As a reminder, here's the basic APA format for a reference for an image source:

Artist_Last_name, First_initial. Middle_initial. (Year). Title of image/artwork [Description of format]. City, State_abbreviation: Organization or Agency.

And here's an example:

Wyeth, A. [ca. 1951]. Roaring reef [Digital image]. Retrieved from

For more reference examples, please see the APA Citation & Style Guide: References - Format & Examples page.

If you have more questions, please ask a librarian for assistance. We're happy to help!

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    Comments (2)

    1. The pictures do not display.
      by Concerned on Dec 01, 2016.
    2. Hello! Thank you to alerting us to the missing pictures. We've fixed the problem and added some more information, just in case the pictures disappear again.
      by Concordia Librarian on Dec 01, 2016.