Q. Can I use just the author's name in the in-text citations or must I also include the date?

Answer

The first time you use a source in the text of a paragraph, you must provide both the author's last name and publication date. However, "parenthetical citations (where both elements are within parentheses) always have both author and date included)." (Lee, 2011, Comment 2).

In the text of the paragraph, the author's last name and the publication date should not be separated by other words; the date in parentheses should always come directly after the author's last name in the text.

According to APA Style Blog expert, Chelsea Lee (2011),  "Publication year can be omitted for repeated citations only when the authors' names are given in running text (not parenthetically). So if you refer to the author names multiple times in running text within a paragraph, give the date the first time, and subsequently you can omit the date" (Comment 2).

Example

Correct:

Bart (2004) said that "no one likes cake any more" (p. 1).

"No one likes cake any more" (Bart, 2004, p. 1).

Incorrect:

Bart said that "no one likes cake any more" (2004, p. 1).

"No one likes cake any more" (Bart, p. 1).

For More Information

See "Writing In-text Citations in APA Style" (Lee, 2011).

See "When to Include the Year in Citations Appearing More Than Once in a Paragraph" (Krupa, 2013).

References

Krupa, T. (2013, April 4). When to include the year in citation appearing more than once in a paragraph [Blog post]. Retrieved from http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2013/04/when-to-include-the-year-in-citations-appearing-more-than-once-in-a-paragraph.html

Lee, C. (2011, January 27). Writing in-text citations in APA style [Blog post]. Retrieved from http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2011/01/writing-in-text-citations-in-apa-style.html

  • Last Updated Aug 15, 2018
  • Views 24
  • Answered By Maureen Morasch

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