Q. How do I cite and reference quotes from an indirect source (secondary source) that was cited in another source?
Quoting, paraphrasing, and citing secondary sources (an author quoted or cited by the author you are reading) in APA style can be confusing. There are five scenarios depending on the way you are using the secondary source (the article or other source you read):
1) paraphrasing an author who was cited in an article by a second author;
2) quoting a paraphrase of another article within your article;
3) quoting a quote within the article--option one;
4) quoting a quote within the article--option two; and,
5) quote the quote.
In any case, only the article you read would be listed in the references (in the case of the examples below, Kuhlthau, 1995).
If you are paraphrasing an author who was cited in an article by a second author (this is the article you read), then it would look like this:
George (1990) studied thirty years of library instruction (as cited in Kuhlthau, 1995).
If you are quoting a paraphrase of another article within your article (words of your article's author), then it would look like this:
"George's (1990) review of the literature of bibliographic instruction for the prior thirty years disclosed a serious lack of theoretical underpinnings and some strides in acknowledging the necessity for moving in a more theoretical direction" (Kuhlthau, 1995, p. 11).
If you are quoting a quote within the article (not your author's words), then there are two options.
Option 1: You quote the quote and your author's thoughts about it. Note the single quote marks around the quotation within my quote:
"The underlying concept proposed by the Knapp project centers on 'the intellectual processes involved in retrieval of information and ideas' (Lindgren, 1981, p.28)" (Kuhlthau, 1995, p. 10-11).
Option 2: You only quote the quote:
"We must concentrate on uniting the processes of gathering information with the uses of information" (Lindgren, 1981 as cited in Kuhlthau, 1995, p. 11).
Reference for all five scenarios:
Kuhlthau, C. (1995). The process of learning from information. School Libraries Worldwide, 1(1), 1-12. Retrieved from http://www.iasl-online.org/pubs/slw/
For More Information
See "Secondary Sources (aka How to Cite a Source You Found in Another Source)" (McAdoo, 2010).
McAdoo, T. (2010, May 20). Secondary sources (aka how to cite a source you found in another source) [Blog post]. Retrieved from http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2010/05/secondary-sources-aka-how-to-cite-a-source-you-found-in-another-source.html